By Juliet Linderman
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
BALTIMORE _ The stakes are high for the city of Baltimore as jury selection begins Monday in the trial of a police officer accused in the death of a black man who suffered a mysterious injury in the back of a transport van.
Freddie Gray, 25, died April 19, inspiring thousands to take to the streets to protest what they believed was the mistreatment by police of another young black man. The narrative of Gray’s life and death instantly became a thread in the fabric of the Black Lives Matter movement that emerged across the U.S. in response to several police killings of African-Americans over the past year.
Six police officers were indicted in Gray’s death. Jury selection in the first trial begins Monday. A verdict will likely set the tone in Baltimore, a historic Mid-Atlantic port city where the majority of the population is black. If Officer William Porter is acquitted there could be protests and possibly more unrest. A conviction could send shockwaves through the city’s troubled police department.
“Everything is at stake. The future of the city is at stake,” Police Commissioner Kevin Davis said.
The demonstrations after Gray’s death were mostly peaceful for several days, but on the day he was buried, looting and rioting started. Businesses were burned down and the unrest ended up costing the city millions of dollars in property damage. The troubles forced an incumbent mayor in the throes of a re-election campaign to drop out of the race, and toppled the career of a reform-minded police chief who was unceremoniously fired. The homicide rate soared and the blood continues to spill on Baltimore’s streets at a pace unseen in decades.
Porter faces charges of assault, manslaughter, reckless endangerment and misconduct in office. He is accused of checking on Gray but failing to seek medical help during several stops the van made during its 45-minute trip from the site of Gray’s arrest to a police station house, where officers found Gray unresponsive and he was taken to a hospital. He died a week later.
Grey was initially handcuffed. Later during his van ride, his legs were shackled and he was placed back in the van without a seatbelt, a violation of department policy, prosecutors have said.
Porter is black. Two other officers are black and the three others are white. They will be tried separately beginning in January; their trials are expected to last until the spring.
The trials, much like Gray’s death, are a microcosm of larger, systemic issues within the city, and the verdicts will have consequences on the city’s immediate future, as well as its healing.
When violent crime began surging in May, residents of predominantly poor black neighbourhoods that bore the brunt of the bloodshed blasted the police for abandoning their posts_ a side effect, some said, of the charges against the officers involved in Gray’s death. The police union, in turn, criticized the former commissioner for failing to protect and support them during the riot.
An independent review of the police response revealed “major shortcomings,” and painted a portrait of an overwhelmed and under prepared department that made tactical errors and endangered officers. Hours before Police Commissioner Anthony Batts was fired in July, the police union issued its own scathing report, and its president called for Batts to “step up.” The U.S. Department of Justice announced a patterns and practice probe into the department stemming from allegations that officers hassled people and used excessive force. Davis stepped in as police chief in July, after a crime spike that saw 45 homicides in a single month.
Since then, Davis has tried to repair the broken relationship between the department and the public.
Apart from the police, the political landscape has changed since Gray’s death. A Democratic primary in April will likely decide who will be the new mayor next November.
Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake was harshly criticized in the wake of the civil unrest for failing to publicly appear for five hours as the city burned and the images were displayed on national television networks. Her decision to enact and maintain a city-wide curfew aggravated protesters. In August, she announced that she would not seek re-election, instead pledging to focus her energy on helping the city heal in the riot’s aftermath. She’s made few comments about the Gray case and the impending trials.
“There’s definitely a lot of pressure but it’s hard to say what’s at stake. I know what’s important: that we have order in the city,” she told The Associated Press. “I’m prayerful that justice will prevail and the officers will be given a fair trial by a fair and impartial jury, and that the citizens of Baltimore and the police can respect the decision.”